# RKS: VEGETARIANS & VEGANS (IV) END-GAME - NON-VEGETARIANISM 1st March 2024 CUT CARBS DREAM TO REVERSE DIABETES  Dear Reader, Only three macronutrients can give calories - proteins and carbohydrates (carbs) and fats. The other 3, namely vitamins and minerals and water are of ZERO calorific value. One consumes daily in meals: Macronutrients: 500 gms / day Micronutrients: 20.3 gms / day (minerals: 20 gms; vitamins: 300 mg) Indians drink 8-10 glasses of water daily i.e. 1.5-2.0 litres (minimum required to prevent dehydration is 1.5 litres per day). That means one consumes throughout the 24 hours 1.5-2.0 kgs of water. All this sums up to an average of 1.8 kgs of intake of food and water per day. Graph: Weight-wise split of daily consumed water and food nutrients. Thus, in terms of contributing to body mass macronutrients dominate since these not only constitute 22% of what we consume daily, but also provide calories for energy and storage, if consumed in excess. Therein lies the key

# RKS: VEGETARIANS & VEGANS (III): Excessive Carbs - Complications Beyond Diabetes

  # RKS: VEGETARIANS & VEGANS (III) EXCESSIVE CARBS - COMPLICATIONS BEYOND DIABETES 1st February 2024 CASCADING EFFECTS OF CARBS IN DIET VEGETARIANS & VEGANS - BE WARY Dear Reader, The previous blog of January 2024 was elaborative in linking Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) with excessive carbohydrates (carbs) intake. But surprisingly and sadly that is not the end of matter. The plunder by carbs, once initiated, progresses unbridled.  Medical jargon apart, it needs to be fathomed and ingested and registered that carbs consumption amongst especially the vegetarians and vegans needs to be curtailed and / or replaced with some other macronutrient i.e. either proteins and / or fats.  CLARITY ON GLUCOSE LEVELS & ESTIMATIONS NORMAL GLUCOSE CONCENTRATIONS The  normal fasting blood glucose concentration s are considered, as based on guidelines of: World Health Organization (WHO): 70 mg/dL (3.9 mmol/L) to 100 mg/dL (5.6 mmol/L)  American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE

# RKS: VEGETARIANS & VEGANS (II): The Controversial Role of Carbs

   # RKS: VEGETARIANS & VEGANS (II) THE CONTROVERSIAL ROLE OF CARBS 1st January 2024 THE DISADVANTAGEOUS VEGETARIAN CARBS LINKED TO DIABETES Dear Reader, There are a total of 7 nutrients that one gets from food: Proteins Carbohydrates (Carbs) Lipids (commonly referred to as fats) Vitamins Minerals Water The energy providers are three amongst these and include proteins, carbohydrates and lipids which are termed as macronutrients. One gets zero calories from vitamins, minerals and water. The 3 macronutrients could be referred to as: Good - Proteins Bad - Fats UGLY - Carbs There has been an increasing recent focus on demerits of carbs and much discussion and awareness has already been spread. It is imperative to have a precise scientific explanation on the controversial role of carbs for humans to enable one to take a well-informed decision.  CLASSIFICATION OF CARBS There are 4 main classes of carbs: Monosaccharides: Single carb molecules like glucose, fructose and galactose are mon